Areas of activity
The OOO “IGT-Service” company provides the following range of services:
Due Diligence of Geological Projects
IGT-Service provides independent comprehensive analysis of projects, focused on disclosure of objective information and presentation of current project status. Our efforts enable evaluation of opportunities to maintain or increase volumes of reserves/resources and subsequent production. Issues to be analyzed: availability of reserves/resources, current production and key asset status, financial and economic evaluation of actual project expenditures and future cash flows, as well as other areas.
These activities are performed under contracts with asset owners, potential investors, creditors in order to obtain objective information on the status of reserves/resources and current production. During collection of information we take into account any available information, regardless of its sources of origin. Acquired information is reviewed by various individual specialists, then a summary analysis is developed. Due Diligence experts make their opinion independently from the customer. Expert findings may be presented in full (with attached individual intermediate conclusions by experts, data sources), or as summary recommendations for further action.
Development of GIS and GMIS Projects
Development of GIS projects, which, according to current requirements, are to be created at the start of on-site operations, evolve and get updated along the way, is a separate activity field. Experience has shown that geological departments of corporate subsoil users sometimes may lack capabilities to keep a GIS project on track, where growing information volumes lead to low efficiency of its use; and the more information fails to meet a standard selected for a specific project, the more expensive such a “cure” will be.
GIS (ArcGIS) and GMIS (Micromine, Datamine, Leapfrog etc.) systems perform different tasks. We work with both systems to achieve various objectives.
- GIS projects are expedient for regional, semi-regional and local site assessment, prospecting, evaluation and initial area exploration, structuring and standardizing large data volumes, including raster data. GIS projects focus on capturing maximum available geological information for interpretation (on regional level to identify new or on local level, to identify spots, missed for some reason). This often helps reduce costs of further field activities.
- GMIS projects are expedient for prospecting and exploration stages, when a site is in place, these projects provide opportunities to work with geological and resource models. GMIS projects focus on geological modeling, resource estimation, mining optimization etc. under already localized resources (i. e. at “deposit” level).
When a company is looking to discover new deposits at its existing or planned license areas based on data, accumulated during previous activities, then a GIS Project may significantly streamline geological operations. Moreover, integrated GIS projects may provide for expedient on-boarding and save time for third-party experts (for example, when a site is considered by potential buyers or co-investors). This is the most advanced approach to database usage. Reinterpretation of layered information may help localize new sites.
Complete work package for GIS project development:
- Analysis of all available information;
- Georeference of raster mapping information (or translation to a uniform coordinates system);
- Digitalization of the most valuable geological information;
- Development of an integrated data storage system;
- Database development;
- Transfer of all data to an integrated standardized system;
- Design of GIS projects based on proposed options to be selected by customer;
We offer yet another option, which is often of interest to top-managers and corporate HR departments – during short-term prospecting and exploration projects (3-4 years) an IGT-Service team can support or reinforce a customer geological team, delivering a structured database on a parallel track, updating a geological structure and mineralogical field model or a subsoil area model, and generating the primary value of any exploration program – as far as feasible, most complete and objective geological information. Under such scenarios, there is no need for a customer to reduce its staff upon completion or sale of a project.
Comprehensive Field Geological Support Works
Engineering and geological support services for field geological exploration are a key area of IGT Group service activities. Our experts have a strong track record with projects in various degrees of exploration – from prospecting to detailed exploration and production. Our geologists and engineers are hand-picked for each individual project to achieve scheduled goals and objectives under a work program with maximum efficiency.
Our engineering and geological support services for field geological exploration include the following service packages:
Prospecting for promising areas, predictive assessment of area potential for mineral deposits. Geological and structural mapping.
Geological and structural mapping.
Soil and seafloor geochemical survey.
Development of projects and programs for prospecting, appraisal and exploration activities.
Drilling and mining quality assurance.
Geological description of drill hole cores and mine workings (ditches/trenches).
Geotechnical documentation for oriented drill-hole cores and data processing.
Development of an optimum configuration for sample preparation, equipment selection, construction and operation of a field sample preparation facility.
Mobile Sample Preparation Facility Construction and Management
Our key activities are performed at locations with little or no infrastructure and lack of opportunity for expedient lab testing and research. Availability of test results as soon as practicable enables management of volumes and areas of exploration activities, adjustment of drilling or mining programs, focusing on the most promising areas. That’s when a mobile sample preparation facility becomes a most rational solution. Transportation of standard geological unprocessed samples from a geological work site to a laboratory may take from two to six (!) months, and transportation costs increase with larger weight of unprocessed samples.
When only processed samples are transported for lab testing, there is a drastic change in sample weight, since weight of one subsample ranges from 50 g to 200 g. A mobile sample preparation facility is made of individual modules (based on 20-foot container modules) as per customer performance requirements and may be designed to process varying numbers of samples. The facility may be equipped with various crushing equipment options, mostly manufactured by Rocklabs (New Zealand).
Knowledge-Based Geological Supervising
Independent supervising is a rather effective tool for reduction of exploration costs, and what is most important, for reduction of probable remedial action costs at each mining project phase. Maximum efficiency, accuracy of geological prospecting and exploration performance results, especially for drilling, mining operations and geological support by a contractor or in-house resources of a customer could be achieved via use of geological supervising, which is the best standard geological prospecting practice.
Supervising is an advanced method of managing and controlling various complex or technology-intensive operations to provide required performance quality and compliance both on the contractor part and on the part of supervisory agencies. By oil and gas exploration experience, independent supervising is one of the most efficient tools to achieve high quality results.
IGT is the first company on the Russian market of geological services to offer and to successfully deliver this service to its customers.
Geological supervising is in no way intended as a replacement for a “brandname” audit, required for the market and external financing, but the key difference in this case is that unlike the auditors, our supervisors operate alongside contractors from the start of fieldwork to its finish – drilling and geological support.
“Geological supervising” solution for a worksite requires continuous presence of at least 2 specialists, independent both from a geological contractor company and the customer, which apriori rules out any fraud.
Operating procedure benefits:
- streamlined field work program during a preliminary phase;
- reduction of customer field work costs and a corresponding reduction of total costs of reserve/resource increment;
- improved operating procedure efficiency and prevention of non-compliance with the work program by drilling and geological contractors;
- training and/or testing of geological contractor personnel at a work area;
- reduction or prevention of remedial action costs during mining and geological audit in line with domestic and foreign standards;
- reduction of geological risk;
- prospecting and exploration efficiency improvement;
- continuous Customer awareness of site activities, enabling the Customer to engage in prompt decision making.
Highly skilled IGT-Service specialist supervisors are permanently present at a worksite during the whole field season and perform the following functions for controlling all geological exploration activities and coordinating contractor operations:
- drilling quality assurance, including accuracy of well depth measurements, core integrity maintenance (sample tray quality, transportation, laydown, sample clean-up etc.);
- evaluation of decisions to shut in or continue wells. This is a vital point, since resident geologists often stop drilling early or in supra-ore halo at project drilling depth due to fear of being held responsible, lack of motivation or lack of understanding of importance of current developments. This may result in insufficient geological information, “loss” of ore bodies and project cost increase due to the need to drill a deeper well nearby. Operational decision making for a specific well is supported by an experienced geologist and supervisor of IGT-Service (or by contractor’s or customer’s resident geologist under supervisor’s control), performing sample Quick Log maintenance by geologic intervals and maintenance of an electronic database, which is mailed to customer and supervisor offices daily. Input geological data for a well are promptly analyzed and discussed by project geologists, and then a supervisor (with customer approval) makes a decision to shut a well in (sometimes wells are shut in above the total well depth to save meters and funds) or to drill a well below total depth to exit from ore mineralization;
- control of geological documentation quality, including adequacy of geological formation identification by different logging geologists, verification of documents, assay accuracy check, veining intensity etc., sample marking;
- performance quality control for database input of geological information, including selective sample verification (follow-up core sample documentation).
- sample preparation – every shift a supervisor has to repeatedly perform sampling quality control and sample preparation, including comparison of projected and actual sample recovery, accurate cut line marking, cutting, sampling, optimum sample preparation layout, equipment purging, sample splitting, input of forms and reference standards, arrangement of sample IDs to avoid any confusion, sub-sample representativity, sample packing and marking quality; quality assurance for storage of core samples and duplicate samples;
- operational interpretation and adjustment of a geological model;
- operational decision making under a work program to reallocate drilling volumes. Drilling volumes will be reallocated, when geological documentation or test results bring up the issue of feasibility of drilling individual wells or vice versa, subject to customer approval;
- quality control for associated works, such as unit-weight testing, selection of samples for internal and external control etc.
- on-line engagement of specialists from the head office of the supervisor to provide 24/7 consulting support
- Interpretation and operational development of a geological model;
- as required operationally, remote engagement of IGT main office specialists
- proposals for operational adjustment of a work program to reallocate drilling volumes. Drilling volumes will be reallocated, when geological documentation or test results bring up the issue of feasibility of drilling individual wells or vice versa, subject to customer approval.
Based on our in-house experience, we expanded the definition of this term to knowledge-based (science-driven) geological supervising as a required element in geological support to field prospecting and exploration activities. Our supervising focuses on performance quality improvement and obtaining maximum amounts of information based on exploration investment expenses. The term is expanded due to the expansion of the service, when a team of qualified professionals not only operates as customer “eyes and ears”, monitors and ensures contractor performance quality on-site in line with an approved program, but also takes part in all project implementation phases under customer orders, either as a joint contractor, or as a standalone team, reporting to the customer only.
Estimation of Reserves and Resources
IGT Group specialists are renowned experts in estimation of reserves and resources. Our approaches to estimation of geological resources and reserves leverage geological, structural, geotechnical, hydrogeological and technology factors that might impact the degree of reserve estimation reliability and create risks of mining losses for quantity and quality of minerals during further extraction and processing.
We are working to converge international and Russian approaches to estimation of reserves and resources and classification systems. Our reserve and resource estimation reports are equally applicable both for investment purposes and for reporting to government regulators (RF State Reserves Committee, SRC). IGT specialists are SRC experts and members of international professional communities (AIG).
Our technical and geological field support services include the following packages:
Geological interpretation and 3D-modeling.
Selection of the most efficient methodology for reserve estimation, based on deposit geology specifics and exploration system.
Estimation of reserves and resources by geostatistical methods and by block and section methods.
Development of geological reports in line with Competent Personʼs Report standard requirements (MER / CPR), which is an integral part of the mining company package of documents for public financial activities, with estimation of reserves and resources in line with requirements of international and national reporting codes (JORC, NI 43-101, SRC regulatory and methodology requirements).
Classification of reserves and resources based on the degree of geologic certainty, including geotechnical, technological, hydrogeological factors and contemplated production methods;
Development of Regulations
Development of regulations for each performance stage/cycle is a pre-requisite for high quality of field and desktop work and for approval of performance results by independent evaluation and audit (QA/QC). The key requirement for performance quality is compliance with requirements and regulations both of Russian (SRC RF) and Western industry standards (JORC, NI 43-101, Valmin, PERC etc.).
Based on our project inspection and audit activities, failure to prepare regulations for each type of sequential tests is one of the most common weak spots during prospecting and exploration projects.
IGT-Service has the expertise required to develop regulations for each project. For this purpose our experts perform preliminary engineering and geological project audit, and also evaluate quality (QA/QC) of previously performed geological prospecting and exploration. They run a comprehensive analysis of geological information and prepare a review of assaying, sample preparation, analytical tests and safety methodologies.